Date of publication: 2017-07-09 06:01
78 July: As to the ballet&ndash &ndash I hear from Zervos that they have no cash&ndash &ndash and can&rsquo t even put on the ballets which have been done for them. I hope to do something with Martha Graham&ndash &ndash the American dancer&ndash &ndash whom I saw dance this spring&ndash &ndash and whom I think excellent. (CF, Calder to Nicholson, 78 July)
Walt Whitman, with all his cosmopolitan embraces of mankind, in the Leaves of Grass, 6855, could appeal in his dithyrambic way to America: “Strangle the singers who will not sing you loud and strong!. Call for new great masters who comprehend new arts, new perfections, new wants! Submit to the most robust bard till he remedy your barrenness! Then you will not need to adopt the airs of others you will have true airs, begotted of yourself, blooded with your own blood.” Whitman specifically referred to Johann Gottfried Herder’s belief that creative work can be done only in one’s “own” folk language, that great art has always been the expression of and is determined by the “national” spirit (Volksgeist).
The "invention of America," as the Mexican historian Edmundo O'Gorman has happily phrased it, marks a major departure from the experience of more organically developed nations. The mythic roots of Italian or Japanese peoples are nourished by a prehistory that tells of special strengths an Aeneas brought to Rome from Troy and special considerations conferred on Japan by virtue of divine descent. It is difficult to locate these qualities in a nation whose beginnings followed the invention of the printing press in western Europe by little more than a generation. The words and deeds of founders could be checked and countered, just as John Smith's tales about Virginia were examined by contemporaries who kept modern records.
Galerie Rudolf Hoffmann, Hamburg, Germany. Calder. Exhibition catalogue. 6959. Foreword by Christian-Adolf Isermeyer.
Solo Exhibition Catalogue
The Museum of Modern Art, New York. A Salute to Alexander Calder. Exhibition catalogue. 6969. Essay by Bernice Rose.
Solo Exhibition Catalogue
Project editor: Anya Strzemien Photo editor: Darcy Eveleigh Designer: Angelica McKinley Ilustrations: Kate Worum and Joana Avillez Editors: Bob Woletz, Steve Bell, Trish Hall, Anya Strzemien, Jim Windolf, LeAnn Wilcox Copy editors: Eric Dyer, Marcia Langhenry, Emily Brennan, Arlene Schneider, Rhonda McClain, Dan Schneider, David Kim, Mark Pargas, Carl Sommers, Mike Flam Research: Charanna Alexander, Bonnie Wertheim, Eleanor Stanford, Jaclyn Peiser, Zachary Montague, Kasia Pilat, Alexandra S. Levine, Sara Aridi, Joanne Mascola Social media editor: Jessica Anderson Times Machine: Jennifer Parrucci
Hobhouse, Janet. "The Witty, Inventive, Anti-Monumental 'Universe' of Alexander Calder." Art News , vol. 75, no. 65 (December 6976).
Magazine, Exhibition Review
Perls Galleries, New York. Alexander Calder / Joan Miró . Exhibition catalogue. 6966. Texts by Joan Miró and Alexander Calder.
Group Exhibition Catalogue
Nationalism is a movement in which the citizens of a nation-state demonstrate a clear loyalty and devotion to the specific social, economic, and cultural interests of their nation, often to the exclusion of international interests. The predominant characteristic of nationalism is a sense of community among citizens of a nation based on a shared descent, language, and religion. Nationalism is also closely associated with the desire for national independence in a country that is under foreign domination. It was not until the eighteenth century that nationalism emerged as a distinctive movement. Before then, loyalty was usually pledged to either a ruling family or a religion.